International Arms Transfers

The Permanent Members of the United Nations (UN) Security Council and Germany are the main exporters of conventional arms. The US is the leading country with 44% share. In the 2008-2012 period, Chinese export increased, China replaced the United Kingdom (UK) as fifth largest exporter.

Main exporters and importers 2008 – 2012

Exporter

Global share (%)

Importer

Global share (%)

 1. USA

 30

1. India

 12

 2. Russia

 26

2. China

 6

 3. Germany

 7

3. Pakistan

 5

 4. France

 6

4. South Korea

 5

 5. China

 5

5. Singapore

 4

 6. UK

 4

6. Algeria

 4

 7. Spain

 3

7. Australia

 4

 8. Italy

 2

8. USA

 4

 9. Ukraine

 2

9. UAE

 3

 10. Israel

 2

10. Saudi Arabia

 3

The 10 largest arms-producing companies, 2011

 

Company(country)

Arms sales ($ m.)

Profit ($ m.)

  1  Lockheed Martin

36 270

2 655

  2  Boeing

31 830

4 018

  3  BAE Systems (UK)

29 150

 2 349

  4  General Dynamics

23 760

2 526

  5  Raytheon

22 470

1 896

  6  Northrop Grumman

21 390

2 118

  7  EADS (trans-Europe)

16 390

1 422

  8  Finmeccanica (Italy)

14 560

–3 206

  9  L-3 Communications

12 520

956

10  United Technologies

11 640

5 347

Each year, between $45 to $60 billion worth of conventional arms sales agreements are concluded, about 80% of those transfers is oriented to developing countries, especially in Asia and Africa.

 

Recipient regions of major arms imports, 2003–2007 and 2008 – 2012.

Region

Share 2003-2007

Share 2008-2012

Asia and Oceania

41%

47%

Europe

22%

15%

Middle East

22%

17%

Americas

10%

11%

Africa

5%

9%

 

Source: SIPRI (http://www.sipri.org/yearbook/2013/05)

Author: Tomáš Kolomazník

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